Pelham Parkway & Allerton, The Bronx

HDC will work with the Bronx Park East Community Association to highlight and bring awareness to the historic treasures of the neighborhood, including The Coops, a pioneering example of 1920s non-profit workers’ cooperative housing built by the United Workers Association.


3016 Webster Ave
Stoughton & Stoughton

As part of the city’s response to population growth and the City’s consolidation, police presence was expanded to the Bronx through the construction of this precinct house, which was both aesthetically pleasing and functional. In contrast to the massive, classical grandeur of their previous work, the architects used the more romantic elements of the Italian Renaissance Revival style for this design, which was particularly appropriate for the quasi-rural setting at the time.

The red brick villa features a square tower with projecting eaves and blue and white terra cotta clocks on three of its sides, protected by pitched roofs with wooden bracket supports. The main entrance on Webster Avenue is approached through a brick porch which retains its original lamps and flower pots. A secondary entrance, originally used by patrol wagons to discharge prisoners, is located within a porte-cochere beneath the clock tower. It was designated as a NYC Landmark in 1974, and added to the National Register of Historic Places in 1982.


2985-2995 Botanical Square
Jacob M. Felson

Also known as Botanical Garden Arms, this block-long Tudor Revival brick apartment complex is comprised of two six-story buildings which operate as a single unit with a central courtyard. It was built during the first period of development of this area, characterized by revivalist architectural styles which featured decorative elements such as corner towers, faux half-timbering and classically decorated main entry porticos.

Architect Jacob M. Felson was born in Russia and
immigrated to the US with his parents in 1888. He studied at Cooper Union and started his practice in 1910, designing private homes in Westchester County and New Jersey, as well as movie theaters and apartment buildings in New York. His work is represented in the Upper West Side/Central Park West, Upper East Side, Riverside-West End and Grand Concourse Historic Districts. Another of Felson’s classical revival buildings stands at 222 Bedford Park Blvd (ca. 1937), with stone and brick façade ornamentation.


2943 Bainbridge Ave
Robert H. Robertson

This church is a late example of Romanesque Revival style by prominent NY architect R. Robertson. Among his most notable works are St. Luke’s Episcopal Church in the Hamilton Heights Historic District, St. Paul’s Methodist Church on West 86th Street, and the American Tract Society Building on Nassau Street. Mixed with Tudor Gothic details, the structure is made of blocks of locally quarried stone pierced by crisply cut round and flat arched openings. It has a cruciform plan with half-timbered gables lit by cusped-arched openings. From the southeast crossing of the building rises a square tower with an open belfry and hipped roof.

In 1994, the congregation merged with The Bronx Korean Church, offering services in English and Korean. Adjacent to the church, the former parsonage building currently hosts the Bronx Korean-American Senior Citizen Association. The senior center was started in 1988 as a place for older Koreans to come together, and became an organization in 1991.


2928 Briggs Ave

Architectural firm Napoleon LeBrun & Son developed a specific layout for firehouses in the late 1880s, and afterwards, the Fire Department commissioned a number of well-known architects to design them, as well as some Department employees.

The firehouse for Engine 79 was built the same year the Company was organized, expanding its services in 1908 to include Ladder 37, and in 1978 it annexed Battalion27.It covered much of the same areas they do today, but as the neighborhood developed their workload grew exponentially. During waves of arson in the 1970s, the units relieved other Bronx firehouses to the south, and by 1982, Engine 79 ranked in the top 10 of total runs citywide.

Perhaps their most impactful run in the neighborhood was in 1997, when the companies were dispatched to a devastating fire in St. Philip Neri Church. While the church’s interior was almost completely destroyed, firefighters were able to save some of the religious artifacts.

After a brief relocation in 2008, the Company returned to this building in 2010.


2930-2924 Valentine Ave
1914-15, Adolph F. Bernhard

This church was originally built by the Grace Evangelical Lutheran congregation, led at the time by Rev. August Koerber. With an initial budget of $10,000, it was expanded in 1951 and hosted a private elementary school, becoming a community staple for over ninety years. Over time, the congregation dwindled and the property was eventually sold in 2006. It currently serves as St. Samuel’s Cathedral Church of God in Christ.

The two-story brick structure was designed by architectural engineer Adolph F. Bernhard, who was a partner at James Gamble Rogers Inc. for nearly forty years. The firm became a major figure in American architecture, designing much of Yale University’s campus, buildings for Northwestern University, and the Columbia Presbyterian Medical Center, among many other notable projects.

Born in Austria, Bernhard studied in Chicago and was an active member of the Lutheran Church. He was a trustee of the Church in Bedford Park and secretary of its Bible School, treasurer of the Lutheran Education Society (the organization which supported Concordia College at Bronxville), and member of the Committee on Church Architecture of the Missouri Synod.


Goulden Ave

Built as part of the Croton Aqueduct system, this 125-acre reservoir-park is comprised of approximately 94 acres of open water (25-feet deep), surrounded by 30 acres of constructed and landscaped earth. The area gained its name from the racetrack which occupied the site between 1876 and 1890, founded by a group that included Leonard W. Jerome, Winston Churchill’s grandfather.

The reservoir features massive ancient Roman- inspired basin walls and has seven gatehouses: three offsite and four onsite. They control the flow of water into and out of the reservoir via gates, sluices and pumps, and may also perform other functions such as filtering and chlorination. The buildings to contain the gates and sluices were not completed until the New Deal, due to lack of funds. Most were designed in Neo-classical style, reminiscent of ancient Roman public works. The walls are built of rock face granite laid with broken range and random range jointing. Portions, such as the intrados of the arches, have a rough pointed finish with a tooled margin.

Gate House No. 5 is the main gate house, and is constructed in the East Wall of the reservoir. The Old Croton Aqueduct passes through it, and it is the final section of the horseshoe-arched, gravity portion of the New Croton Aqueduct. This structure connected the basins and controlled the pipes feeding Gate Houses Nos. 2, 3 and 4. It could direct water from the reservoir into either the new or old aqueduct, or allow water to bypass the reservoir and continue down either aqueduct. One of the most notable elements of Gate House No. 5 was a bridge of six stone voussoir arches linking the gate house to Shaft No. 21. It was demolished in the 1980s as part of the construction of the new dividing wall.

Gate House No. 7, at the north end of the reservoir, was built about 1906. It connected to the Old and New Croton Aqueducts, and anticipated the construction of the Van Cortlandt Siphon of the Catskill Aqueduct. The cast-inplace concrete substructure of Gate House No. 7 has a horseshoe-arched tunnel portal facing the reservoir basin. It has a central portal facing north on axis with the Old and New Croton Aqueducts, covering an open passage through the gate house.


100 W Mosholu Pkwy S
William H. Gompert

This public high school opened in Greenwich Village in 1897 under the name Boys High School, occupying the top floor of an elementary school. In 1900, it was renamed after former New York governor DeWitt Clinton, and six years later it moved to a newly constructed building in Hell’s Kitchen, designed by C. B. J. Snyder.

The school relocated to its present home in 1929, when William H. Gompert had replaced Snyder as Superintendent of School Building. He was a prodigious builder, who enjoyed the advantages of designing schools for the outer boroughs. Gompert’s design for Clinton sprawled over the generous site, with a three-story main building, a towered entrance, a large auditorium in the middle of an interior courtyard, and a gymnasium.

Only four years after its opening, enrollment at 5,600-seat Clinton was dramatically increased by the Depression and anti-child labor laws, peaking at 12,000. It remained the most populous New York high school for most of the twentieth century. The third-floor hallway contains two huge New Deal murals by Alfred Floegel: The History of the World (walls) and Constellations (ceiling). The oil on canvas murals were painted in 1934-1940. It was reported in 2018 that they had been damaged by being partially covered with a layer of blue paint.


3201 Jerome Ave
George W. Birdsall

This is one of four IND yards, originally dug out to serve as a reservoir for the adjacent Jerome Park. Since this plan was never carried out, it became the only yard constructed in a depressed cut, with respect to neighboring properties. The complex is made up of storage tracks (which serve the BMT/JND lines, as well as the IRT line), service facilities and complementary structures. Although some of the original buildings and equipment have been removed and/or replaced, the Concourse Yard remains as a unique example of industrial architecture and engineering of the early-20th century.


Situated along the west side of Jerome Avenue just south of Mosholu Parkway, the High Pumping Station is a long and narrow red brick Romanesque Revival building topped by a steeply pitched roof. The façade is divided into a series of bays, each consisting of two arched windows flanked by shallow brick buttresses.


It was built by the Department of Water Supply, Gas and Electricity as part of the Jerome Reservoir complex, an adjunct to the Croton Aqueduct system. At the time, demand for clean water by the growing urban population was heightened by the need to have enough pressure to reach the upper floors of multi-storied structures. The station’s purpose was to perform this service, making it an important utility for The Bronx. It was designated as a NYC Landmark in 1981, and listed on the National Register in 1983.


West 205th Street

This is one of four IND yards, originally dug out to serve as a reservoir for the adjacent Jerome Park. Since this plan was never carried out, it became the only yard constructed in a depressed cut, with respect to neighboring properties. The complex is made up of storage tracks (which serve the BMT/JND lines, as well as the IRT line), service facilities and complementary structures. Although some of the original buildings and equipment have been removed and/or replaced, the Concourse Yard remains as a unique example of industrial architecture and engineering of the early-20th century.

Located along the south side of West 205th Street, these structures were built next to one another to form a gateway to the yard, and are connected by an iron bridge. Each building is actually three stories tall, but only the top story is visible from the street. The façade of each one is divided into three vertical segments by limestone columns, connected by a wide limestone cap along the roof line. Above each of the three bays, the brick is set in a striped herringbone pattern.

The doorway is flanked by a limestone surround featuring a carved chevron pattern, and the doors of each building are topped by a carved plaque. The windows on the façade are covered by an elaborate Art Deco-style wrought-iron grille. It was listed on the National Register in 2006, alongside the Concourse Substation.