Columbia University

Roughly between Broadway and Amsterdam Avenue, West 114th to West 120th Streets
Low Library: Charles McKim, 1895–97: New York City Individual and Interior Landmark, State and National Registers of Historic Places
Butler Library: James Gamble Rogers, 1931–34
Macy Villa/Buell Hall: Ralph Townsend, 1885
St. Paul’s Chapel: I. N. Phelps Stokes, 1903: New York City Individual Landmark
Casa Italiana: McKim, Mead & White, 1926–07: New York City Individual Landmark, State and National Registers of Historic Places

Charles McKim designed the campus in the Beaux-Arts style popularized at the 1893 World’s Columbian Exposition. Its focal point is Low Library, designed in the Roman Classical style, with Italian Renaissance–inspired classroom buildings flanking it in the forecourt and rear. Fashioned after the Baths of Caracalla and the Pantheon, the library’s granite dome is the country’s largest. The university outgrew Low Library in the 1920s, and a new library named for then president Nicholas Murray Butler was built on the campus’ southern end. A highlight of the campus is St. Paul’s Chapel, designed in a Lombardic style using the red brick and limestone motif of the campus classroom buildings. The only extant building of the Bloomingdale complex is Macy Villa (currently Buell Hall), which was constructed as a residence for mentally-ill, wealthy male patients. On Amsterdam Avenue is Casa Italiana, a cultural center designed to evoke a Renaissance palazzo.